This year the world’s leading Global Public Opinion Barometer (launched in 1977), covering about two thirds of the global population in a representative way, and carried out in partnership with WIN, shows:
Choosing between Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump, over one quarter (29%) of respondents globally prefer the Russian leader as head of state of their own country. Donald Trump is preferred as country leader by 17%.There are nine countries among the 55 surveyed that give preference to Donald Trump as possible leader. Among them the frontrunners are Kosovo, Albania, the Philippines, and the United States itself. Vladimir Putin was the preferred leader in 25 countries: Germany, France and Ireland are on that list, as well others who traditionally are loyal to him. 45% of all surveyed respondents globally find it impossible to choose.
Vladimir Putin is generally preferred in most regions globally, except the USA. Perhaps surprisingly, when choosing between Putin and Trump, Europeans give preference to the Russian leader. In Africa, India and East Asia the two opponents score almost equal support. The survey results suggest that the current American President is no longer perceived as the absolute, world leader.
Turning to global political leadership, should the USA retain its role as arguably the most powerful state in the world? Or would survey respondents prefer the USA and Russia to exercise global leadership together? One in four respondents in the world (25%) vote for joint leadership, while USA maintaining sole leadership is preferred by 19%.Majorities in almost all of the world macro-regions prefer joint leadership of the USA and Russia, except the USA itself, where 40% of respondents believe their country should continue as global leader alone.
Opinion on global leadership is most divided in West Asia – the Republic of Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.
Overall our survey suggests that right now the dominant position of the USA, as global leader, no longer looks unquestionable.
Kancho Stoychev, President Gallup International Association (GIA):
«Just one year after Donald Trump entered the White House the world of international relations is no longer the same. While increasing US economic and military strength President Trump is failing to attract sympathy around the world and US global political leadership is no longer accepted among a predominant part of the world’s inhabitants.
From a bi-polar world during the Cold War, through a US-dominated world after 1989, now the World seems to be transforming into a more colorful place. Different constellations of nations (or “constenations”) are emerging in front of our eyes as an expression of a new regionalization of the World – not on geographical principles but on a shared view of the future.»
Andrey Milekhin, Vice President Gallup International Association (GIA):
«The choice between these two Presidents is not an easy one and in the end the candidate “against both” won. The complexity of the choice was defined by the fact that behind Trump stands the USA economic and military power, Putin on the other hand has 25 years of political experience being one of the most long-lived and sustainable among the world political leaders.
The respondents also made a choice between the values represented by the two: stability and patriarchal spirit represented by Putin on the one side and Trump’s modern business-approach and supremacy of national interests in defining the world politics, on the other side.
To the majority of world’s population, the conservatism and reliability of Putin seems to be more appealing. No doubt these attitudes are also affected by the spread of a mass-media vendetta against Trump’s personality and actions in their entirety.
We could say that 25 years of USA dominance didn’t result in global peace and harmony. On the contrary, it gave rise to some new problems and conflicts.
Multipolarity of the World is already clear and obvious. In several regions there are strong leaders that distinctly claim to form the world’s overall agenda. And this is not only Russia, but China, India, Brazil and Turkey as well. With new leaders, new political ideas and coalitions we see attempts to restore France’s and Germany’s world influence.
It is interesting to see that in Russia a potential joint global leadership, exercised along with the USA, is supported by less than half of the population (40%).»
The Gallup International End of Year Survey (EoY) is an annual tradition initiated by and designed under the chairmanship of Dr. George Gallup in 1977. It is conducted every year since then. This year it was carried out by the Gallup International Association in partnership with WIN in 55 countries around the world.
▪ EU Total – combines EU West and EU East
▪ EU West – Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland. Italy, Netherland, Spain, Sweden, UK
▪ EU East – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia
▪ Non-EU Europe – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
▪ Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru
▪ East Asia – Bangladesh, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Vietnam
▪ West Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkey
▪ Middle East – Iraq
▪ Africa – Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa
▪ USA, India and Russia are not included in any other regional category
Sample Size and Mode of Field Work:
A total of 53769 persons were interviewed globally. In each country a representative sample of around 1000 men and women was interviewed either face to face (23 countries; n=24235), via telephone (13 countries; n=11656) or online (19 countries; n=17878). The field work was conducted during November 2017 – December 2017. The margin of error for the survey is between +3-5% at 95% confidence level.”
About Gallup International
Gallup International Association (GIA) is the leading association in market research and polling and this year celebrates its 70th anniversary.
For 70 years Gallup International Members have demonstrated their expert ability to conduct multi-country surveys on a comparable basis and deliver the highest quality. Their Members are leading national institutes with a profound local knowledge of research methods and techniques, statistical sources, customs and culture differences of its own country and carefully selected by the Association Board. With only one Member agency per country, Members work together on a daily basis to share knowledge, new research techniques and tools, as well as to provide the most appropriate solutions to international research projects and service our clients to the best of our abilities.
For more information:
Kancho Stoychev (in Sofia), +359 88 8611025
Andrei Milekhin (in Moscow), +7 495 9886081
Johnny Heald (in London), +44 7973 600308
For further details see website: www.gallup-international.com
Cover Photo by attribute www.kremlin.ru, used under CC BY 4.0 license.